Literature relating to sulfur-species problems in the USALast updated 20.09.16
For details of the Connecticut and Massachusetts pyrrhotite problems, please click here.
Hoover, S.E., Greenawalt, W., and Tittmann, B. (2015). Experimental and theoretical modeling of expansion in pyritic shale. ASTM Geotechnical Testing Journal. 38 (2).
Anderson, W.H. (2013). Pyrite oxidation and structural problems in the Chattanooga (Ohio) Shale, East Central Kentucky. In: A.B. Hawkins (ed.). Implications of pyrite oxidation for engineering works. Springer, Switzerland. pp. 243-273.
Little, D.N., Nair, S., and Herbert, B. (2010). Addressing sulfate-induced heave in lime treated soils. ASCE Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering. January 2010. 110-118.
Puppala, A.J., Talluri, N., Gaily, A., Bhaskar, C.C.S. (2013). Heaving mechanisms in high sulfate soils. Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Paris, 2013. pp. 3125-3128.
Puppala, A.J., Chittoori, B., and Saride, S. (2012). Sulfate induced heaving of a taxiway: a case study. Indian Geotechnical Journal. 42 (4), 257-266.
Cerato, A.B., Miller, G.A., Elwood-Madden, M., Campbell, M., and Adams, A. (2011). Calcium-Based Stabilizer Induced Heave in Oklahoma Sulfate-Bearing Soils. SPR 2210. ODOT Final Report. (150 pp).
Parfitt, M.K., Jones, D.J., and Garvin, R.G. (2011). Structural, construction and procedural failures associated with long-term pyritic soil expansion at a private elementary school in Pennyslvania. ASCE Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities. January/February 2011, 56-66.
Cerato, A.B., and Miller, G.A. (2009). Calcium-based stabilizer induced heave in Oklahoma sulfate-bearing soils. Annual report for FY 2009. Oklahoma Department of Transportation.
Hoover, S.E., and Lehmann, D. (2009). The expansive effects of concentrated pyritic zones within the Devonian Marceullus Shale Formation of North America. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology. 42, 157-164.
Little, D.N. (2009). Recommended Practice for Stabilization of Sulfate Rich Subgrade Soils. NCHRP. Document 145. Contractor’s Final Task Report for NCHRP Project 20-07. Link to full PDF.
Puppala, A.J., and Cerato, A.B. (2009). Heave Distress Problems in Chemically-Treated Sulfate-Laden Materials. GeoStrata. 10 (2), pp. 28-32.
Adams, A.G., Dukes, O.M., Tabet, W., Cerato, A.B., Miller, G.A. (2008). Sulfate induced heave in Oklahoma soils due to lime stabilzation. GeoCongress 2008: Characterization, Monitoring and Modeling of Geosystems. pp. 444-451.
Anderson, W.H. (2008). Foundation Problems and Pyrite Oxidation in the Chattanooga Shale, Estill County, Kentucky. Kentucky Geological Survey Report of Investigations 18. Link to full report PDF.
Si, Z. (2008). Forensic investigation of pavement premature failure due to soil sulfate-induced heave. ASCE Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering. 134, 1201-1204.
Noe, D.C., Higgins, J.D., and Olsen, H. (2007a). Steeply dipping heaving bedrock, Colorado: part 1 – heave features and physical geological framework. Environmental and Engineering Geoscience. 13 (4), 289-308.
Noe, D.C., Higgins, J.D., and Olsen, H. (2007b). Steeply dipping heaving bedrock, Colorado: part 2 – mineralogical and engineering properties. Environmental and Engineering Geoscience. 13 (4), 309-324.
Noe, D.C., Higgins, J.D., and Olsen, H. (2007c). Steeply dipping heaving bedrock, Colorado: part 3 – environmental controls and heaving processes. Environmental and Engineering Geoscience. 13 (4), 325-344.
Carr, P., Thesier, J., and Kimball, M. (2006). An ”Invisible Menace” — The Impact of Pyrite Induced Expansive Force on Long-Term Building Failure — A Case Study. Forensic Engineering, 154-168.
Lee, H., Cody, R.D., Cody, A.M., and Spry, P.G. (2005). The formation and role of ettringite in Iowa highway concrete deterioration. Cement and Concrete Research. 35, 332-343.
Hoover, S.E., Wang, M.C., and Dempsey, B. (2004). Structural damage induced by pyritic shale. Fifth International Conference on Case Studies in Geotechnical Engineering. Paper 7.02, 1-7. Link to full paper PDF.
Chen, D., Harris, P., Scullion, T., Sebesta, S., Christian, A., and Bilyeu, J. (2003). Forensic investigation of a sulfate-heaved projected in Texas. TRB 2003 Annual Meeting.
Freeman, T.E. (2003). Final report: Forensic investigation of pavement distress: Old Airport Road in Bristol, Virginia. Virginia Transportation Research Council, Charlottesville, Virginia.
Stark, D.C. (2003). Occurrence of thaumasite in deteriorated concrete. Cement and Concrete Composites. 25, 1119-1121.
Diamond, S. (2002). Thaumasite in Orange County, Southern California: an inquiry into the effect of low temperature. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Thaumasite in Cementicious Materials. Garston, UK, 19th-21st June 2002.
Orndorff, Z., and Daniels, W.L. (2002). Delineation and management of sulfidic materials in Virginia highway corridors. Final contract report. Virginia Transportation Research Council, Charlottesville, Virginia.
Sahu, S., Badger, S., and Thaulow, N. (2002). Mechanism of thaumasite formation in concrete. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Thaumasite in Cementicious Materials. Garston, UK, 19th-21st June 2002.
Skalny, J.P., and Thaulow, N. (2002). Sulfate attack in North America. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Thaumasite in Cementicious Materials. Garston, UK, 19th-21st June 2002.
Stark, D.C. (2002). Occurrence of thaumasite in deteriorated concrete. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Thaumasite in Cementicious Materials. Garston, UK, 19th-21st June 2002.
Nixon, P., and Crammond, N. (2001). An overview of the thaumasite form of sulfate attack and its significance for highway structures. Technical Paper 1. Concrete Bridge Development Group, Berkshire.
Rollings, R.S., Burkes, J.P., and Rollings, M.P. (1999). Sulfate attack on cement-stabilized sand. ASCE Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering. May 1999, 364-372.
Mitchell, J.K., and Dermatas, D. (1992). Clay soil heave caused by lime-sulfate reactions. Hardy, I.B., Hoffman, D.C., and Stanley, D.D (eds.). Innovations and uses for lime. ASTM, Philadelphia. pp. 41-64.
Carson, C.D., and Dixon, J.B. (1983). Mineralogy and acidity of an inland acid sulfate soil of Texas. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 47, 828-833.
Lutenegger, A.J., Wollenhaupt, N.C., and Handy, R.L. (1978). Laboratory simulation of shale expansion by induced gypsum growth. Canadian Geotechnical Journal. 16, 405-409.
Dougherty, M.T., and Barostti, N.J. (1972). Structural damage and potentially expansive sulfide minerals. Bulletin of the International Association of Engineering Geologists. 9 (2), 105–125.
Spanovich, M., and Fewell, R.B. (1969). The subject is pyrite. Pennsylvania Journal of Architecture. 49 (1).
Spanovich, M. (1968). Evaluation of distresses to elementary school, Engineering Mechanics, Inc., Pittsburgh.
Engineering News Record. (1960). Structures don’t settle in this shale; but watch out for heave (expanding shale gives structures the heave-ho). Engineering News Record. 164 (5), 46-48.